Old Posts

Simple JSON Parser for Python

Some time ago i started to follow a Blog that weekly proposes some programming exercices and i solved one of their problems (an old one, from 2009) . So today i’m posting here my solution for the problem of this week. Basically they ask us to write a JSON parser in our favorite computer language, so i chose “Python” and tried to complete the task.

For those who don’t know what JSON is:

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is easy for humans to read and write. It is easy for machines to parse and generate.

My implementation is quite simple and it can contain some bugs (and is not optimized), so if you discover any error just leave a reply (we are always learning). Bellow is my code and a link to Github where you can also comment the code. In the following weeks i’ll try to solve more of their problems.

class json_parser:

    def __init__(self, string):
        self.json_data = self.__remove_blanks(string)
        self.pointer = 0

    def __remove_blanks(self, string):
        new_list = []
        inside_string = False
        for i in list(string):
            if inside_string or i != ' ':
            if i == '"':
                inside_string = not inside_string

        return "".join(n for n in new_list)

    def __parse_obj(self):
        new_dic = {}
        self.pointer += 1
        while self.json_data[self.pointer] != '}':
            if self.json_data[self.pointer] == '"':
                key = self.__parse_string()
                raise Exception  # The only possible type of value for a key is String

            if self.json_data[self.pointer] == ':':
                self.pointer += 1
                raise Exception  # invalid object

            value = self.__parse_value()
            if value == -1:
                return -1

            new_dic[key] = value
            if self.json_data[self.pointer] == ',':
                self.pointer += 1

        self.pointer += 1
        return new_dic

    def __parse_array(self):
        new_array = []
        self.pointer += 1
        while self.json_data[self.pointer] != ']':
            value = self.__parse_value()
            if value == -1:
                return -1

            if self.json_data[self.pointer] == ',':
                self.pointer += 1
        self.pointer += 1
        return new_array

    def __parse_string(self):
        self.pointer += 1
        start = self.pointer
        while self.json_data[self.pointer] != '"':
            self.pointer += 1
            if self.pointer == len(self.json_data):
                raise Exception  # the string isn't closed
        self.pointer += 1
        return self.json_data[start:self.pointer - 1]

    def __parse_other(self):
        if self.json_data[self.pointer:self.pointer + 4] == 'true':
            self.pointer += 4
            return True

        if self.json_data[self.pointer:self.pointer + 4] == 'null':
            self.pointer += 4
            return None

        if self.json_data[self.pointer:self.pointer + 5] == 'false':
            self.pointer += 5
            return False

        start = self.pointer
        while (self.json_data[self.pointer].isdigit()) or (self.json_data[self.pointer] in (['-', '.', 'e', 'E'])):
            self.pointer += 1

        if '.' in self.json_data[start:self.pointer]:
            return float(self.json_data[start:self.pointer])
            return int(self.json_data[start:self.pointer])

    def __parse_value(self):
            if self.json_data[self.pointer] == '{':
                new_value = self.__parse_obj()
            elif self.json_data[self.pointer] == '[':
                new_value = self.__parse_array()
            elif self.json_data[self.pointer] == '"':
                new_value = self.__parse_string()
                new_value = self.__parse_other()
        except Exception:
                print 'Error:: Invalid Data Format, unknown character at position', self.pointer
                return -1
        return new_value

    def parse(self):
        if self.json_data[self.pointer] == '{' or self.json_data[self.pointer] == '[':
            final_object = self.__parse_value()
            print 'Error:: Invalid inicial Data Format'
            final_object = None

        return final_object

[EDIT: The previous code has several issues, so please do not use it. Python has many great packages to handle JSON documents the right way, like simplejson.]

Old Posts

Simple Ceaser-Cypher

Some weeks ago i found this website called “Programming Praxis“, where you can find exercices to practice your programming skills. So every week they post a new problem and a possible resolution (it’s better if you only see it after you’ve done yours), and people try to solve and add a comment with their solution which is fun because you can see diferent ways of thinking in diferent languages.

So i will try once in a while (when time isn’t short) to solve some problems and post here my solutions (generally in python, but i will try other languages too). For this first time i have picked an old and simple problem posted in 2009 (here) about the Ceaser-Cypher which is basically an ancient, simple an totally insecure encryption method, where you add 13 to every letter in the sentense (example: “a” + 13  =  “n”) and when it reaches “z” you return to “a” (example: “t” + 13 = “h”).

So here is the function and the answer to their question:

def ROT13(string):
	for i in string:
		if (letter>=65 and letter<=90) or (letter>=97 and letter<=122):
			if letter<=90 and letter+13>90:
				new_string += chr(64+(letter+13-90))
			elif letter<=122 and  letter+13>122:
	return new_string 

Question: What is the meaning of “Cebtenzzvat Cenkvf vf sha!”?
Answer: Programming Praxis is fun!

P.S: I know that the solution could be more elegant but for now this one does the job

So i will try once in a while (when time isn